In their more than 3 thousand hectares, this park comprehends the archaeological groups of Sacsayhuamán, Kenko, Puka-Pukará, Tambomachay, Laqo, Lanlakuyoc and Kusilluchayoc.
Located only to 2 Km. to the north area of Cusco city. It is a built Incan fortress with enormous masses of refined stone, of until 9 meters of high and 325 tons, was built in order to face to the antis, group coming from the Amazon jungle.
Besides the imposing fortress that has zigzag form, and form of a group of platforms, they are thousands of inserted stones some others in an incredible architecture work, the seven stones but big they form the first platform, in front of an extensive esplanade, and their zigzag shape gives the appearance of a ray.
There are other two important places: el Rodadero (toboggan), kind of natural toboggans, and the Suchuna or throne of the Inca, an observatory astronomical pre-Inca, where the physical Julio Palomino, of the Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco (UNSAAC), obtained a measure unit (4,6 cm) that would have been an employee in Cumbemayo (Cajamarca) and Chavín (Ancash).
El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega in his chronicles sustains that this fortress is there since Incas time; although other columnists affirm that it is even previous. Neither are there references of the means of where the manufacturers left to transport the enormous stones.
In their esplanade people celebrate the festivitie of Inti Raymi in the month of June.
These archaeological remains are located to 3 Km. from the city of Cusco, to the east going by the area of Sacsayhuamán; they are formed by a huge rock with perrons in zigzag and a circular amphitheater in which we can find 19 niches thet seem seats.
Many people pressume that was a place dedicate to the pray, a enormus block of stone of 5.90 M of height supports that has the appearance of a puma. There are passages, channels, and perrons with engravings representing pumas. They highlight the circular amphitheater and the "chincana" or entrance labyrinth to the galleries underground. It is a singular center ceremonial and of cult. It was also a temple dedicated to the earth. it comprehends numerous sizes, courts and ceremonial tunnels worked in rock.
This archeological center is close to Tambomachay, and it is believed that it has relationship with the defense of this last citadel. It is formed by platforms, perrons and niches. Puka-Pukará means "red fortress".
This complex is located to 6 km of Cusco on the road that drives toward the Antisuyo (the amazon county of the Incas). Its main function was that of position of control of the Inca Road. It was also an administrative and military center.
Tambomachay or Tampumachay are to seven kilometers of the city of the Cusco, and to two kilometers of Sacsayhuamán to a height 3 700 m.a.s.l. It is known popularly as those "Bathtub of the Inca", it was important cult center and a praying place to the water. This archaeological group is formed by channels of water, walls and finely figured windows that show the extraordinary architectural level of the Inca and its high domain of the hydraulic engineering.
The walls are communicated by perrons. The fall of crystalline waters that get the attention of these archaeological centers begin from the terrace of the second wall and spills on a small stone puddle. It is said that there the Inca surrendered cult to the water with the big of the empire.
Pre-Inca Astronomical observatories that present rocks carved with form of felines, snakes and birds. They were centers of ceremonial cult. The visit to these praying places is by walking or by riding a horse.