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South of Cusco


Pikillacta  

It composes of many archaeological places. It covers an area of 3,421 hectares, and it is located in the county of Quispicanchis, toward the east of the city of the Cusco approximately to 32 Km, at the moment you arrive for the highway that takes to Puno and Arequipa. To the step they are the districts of Oropesa, Lucre and Andahuaylillas, near the lagoon of Wakarpay that is to an altitude of approximately 3,200 mts. In the Peruvian Andes there are 12,000 small lakes approximately as Wakarpay, almost all they have flora and very rich fauna; they usually have many totora cañas that it is the atmosphere for the wild ducks it is also a good place to fishing pejerrey, and the trout (trucha) important fish in the Andean geography.

"Pikillaqta" it is a word in Quechua that means” lousy populate" (piki = louse; llaqta = population); however, that is not the original name of the area or the main place, their previous name it is ignored; although, many columnists refer to this area with the name of "Muyuna". The prehispanic place of Pikillaqta is located 3,350 m. and it belonged to a city of the Wari Culture developed in current Ayacucho. Today that city contains around 700 buildings, 200 "kanchas" (species of apartments) and 504 "qolqas" (you store) and uneven buildings.

Pikillakata should have had a population of approximately 10 thousand people. The city has a very harmonious and almost perfect geometric plan, divided in blocks with the right streets.

 

Huacarpay  

Huacarpay is located to an altitude of 3,050 m.a.s.l. It has a moderate temperate climate, it has a good access from the city of Cusco, it can be visited the whole year. This beautiful lagoon is surrounded by hills with Inca "andenes". To the bottom a hotel that's nemed Urpicancha. The lagoon presents a beautiful landscape. Very close on the left riverbank of the road, near there is the quarry of Rumicolca and a little further the archaeological complex of Pikillacta. The lagoon of Huacarpay is one of the scenarios of the National Motoring Chapionship.  

The color of its waters is blued greenish, the predominant vegetation that it surrounds the lagoon it is the totora, it has natural residents with a variety of birds like the ducks, and fish among those that highlights is the pejerrey and the Karachi, in comparison with the lagoon of Urcos it is longer and the totorales as well as the mirror of water. The exploitation of the totora generates the craft with the elaboration of those "Q'esanas" that are kind of a floors to sleep, as well as the basketwork.

 

Lucre

To arrive to Lucre is necessary to take a deviation of 15 minutes   

for a hint in perfect state, and to skirt the small lagoon of the same name. It is a town located in the hillsides of the hills. It has a big square with a monument dedicated to the Guerra del Pacífico (War that involved Perú-Chile and Bolivia), in the one that see the national hero Mariano Santos monument, hero of the mencionated war. Inside the same square is the Municipality hall, their small Church, the police station.Ademas the vestiges of what was the first Textile Facric of South America.

 

Andahuaylillas  

To 40 kilometers of the Cusco Andahuaylillas is located it is famous for its church, built in 1580 and also known as the "Sixtine Chapel of Peru". Its external naturalness contrasts with its Baroque-colonial interiors, its golden altars, the celebrated mural of the roads to heaven and hell, its paintings of the Cusqueña School and many other ostentatious art works. Place preferred by the couples that get married.  

Andahuaylillas is district of the province of Quispicanchis and it is to 40 Km. to the east of Qosqo to an altitude of 3100 m.s.n.m. Their old name was Antawaylla (Anta= cooper, Waylla = prairie) that is transcribed as "coppery prairie". The name later was "Andahuaylas"; but it coincided like a bigger county that has the same name in Apurímac for what you opts to change its name its name to the diminutive and to avoid annoying confusions now is well known as Andahuaylillas.

Andahuaylillas is a small town that welcomes, with a hot climate because it is surrounded of mountains; the river "Vilcanota" it is very near the town.   

Their immense Main Square is adorned with historical trees with hundred of years of antiquity: several trees like pisonay and palm trees adorn their main square.

However, the most valuable jewel is their colonial church. It is considered the church as the "Sistine Chapel" of America, due to the quality of the opposing works of art inside her. In the atmospheres there are remains of Inca buildings, it highlights a grate of transition architecture among Inca and colonial; toward the western side of the church there are two sculptures of two quadrupeds in their lintel. The Jesuit built the church at the end of XVI century, with adobe. Their relatively modest architectural structure is classic in the churches of small towns.

It is easy to notice that inside the church there are two different sections that correspond to the two phases of their construction; they are separated by the interior main arch. It is the oldest and most decorated of Mudejar style. The newest section is toward the entrance. That is the reason why this church has two pulpits, the oldest is low the interior arch and the last one in the opposed wall.  

The chapel sixtina is very visited due to its squares of painting cusqueña with its impressive golden marks; the decoration is beautiful, carved in cedar and details that make it a singular and unforgettable destination.

 

Tipon   

It is located in the district of Oropesa, located toward the east of the City of Cusco, it is a National Archaeological Park; covering a territory approximately of 2200 hectares, county of Quispicanchis. To arrive to the main archaeological monument there is a distance 5 Km. the road begins from the kilometer 18 of the road Cusco-Puno.

To half kilometer outside of the paved road is located the small town of Tipón. Original name in Quechua of the park is ignored. Diverse groups of royal rooms can be seen that According to Victor Angles was built by the Inca Wiraqocha like a house and refuge for its father Yawar Wakaq that returned after the war against the Chankas. This group of villages is to an altitude of 3,500 m.a.s.l. There is Also a great space of very impressive cultivation that contains 12 very fertile terraces that at the moment are cultivated whose walls were built with well carved stones.

But the most sublime and impressive thing is without a doubt is the irrigation system that is still serving to the agriculture and the advantage is the taking of water in the spring station. The stones have been carved that channels the finely calculated river and sometimes with fallen almost vertical that everything together constitutes an excellent work of hydraulic engineering.

 

Raqchi  

It is located in the Km. 125 of the highway Cusco-Puno. The town of Raqchi belongs to the district of San Pedro de Cacha, county of Canchis. Raqchi is in the correct direction of the river of Vilcanota, to an altitude of 3,500 m.a.s.l. To the view their prehispanic name was "Cacha" and not "Raqchi". there are many evidences that indicate to Raqchi like a complex town of multiple constructions, even the terraces of the cultivation for diverse purposes, "kanchas" (apartments), "wayranas" (buildings that only have 3 walls), "qolqas" ( huge closet where gains were keep), different urns, the religious sources of water, etc.

Possibly, it was a "Tambo" important in the route toward the "Collasuyo". The most important building inside the complex is the "Temple of Wiraqocha" that was built by the Inca Wiraqocha in homage to the invisible Superior God of Andean people according to the old columnists: "Apu Kon tiki Wiraqocha."

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